(Including: Slipped Disc,
Ruptured Disc and Torn Disc)
Many patients who suffer with back and leg pain come to see our specialists needing treatment for herniated disc. Your spinal column is made up of bones (vertebrae) that are cushioned by small discs consisting of a tough outer layer (annulus) and a soft, jelly-like inner layer (nucleus). These discs act as shock absorbers, protecting the spine and nerves from the stress of everyday tasks as well as strenuous work such as heavy lifting. When a disc herniates, a tear or weakness in the annulus allows the jelly-like nucleus to push out into the spinal canal. If it puts pressure on a spinal nerve, the herniated disc can cause pain, numbness or weakness in the back, legs or arms depending on where the disc is located. Herniated discs are most common in the lower spine, but about 10% occur in the neck.
- Sciatica a radiating, aching pain, sometimes with tingling and numbness, that starts in the buttock and can extend down the back of one or both legs. Pain, numbness or weakness can occur anywhere within the hips, legs or feet.
- Pain, numbness or weakness in the lower back and one leg, or in the neck, shoulder, chest or arm.
- Lower back pain that worsens when you sit, cough or sneeze.